Study of Reptile and Amphibian Diversity at Ledok Amprong Poncokusumo, Malang East Java
Keywords:amphibians, reptiles, diversity, ledok amprong, Indonesia
AbstractMalang is one of the areas that have a high diversity of reptiles and amphibians because of the strategic ecosystem but still minimal in terms of research publications. The purpose of this study was to know the diversity of reptiles and amphibian through the existence of herpetofauna species, microhabitat and indicator species. Data was collected during the rainy season, once a month in the period of three months from October 2017 to January 2018 at night. Data collection was conducted using the VirtualÂ Encounter Survey method with different zones and limited by time. The collected specimens were identified with the guidance of literatures. The collected specimens were then preserved at the Animal Physiology Laboratory, Department of Biology, State Islamic University of Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang. Then, the data was analyzed to obtain the diversity index, frequency and dominance. The result showed that the number of reptiles found in the location site was seven species consisting of Famili Gekkonidae, Scincidae, Agamidae and Elapidae. Mean while for the species of amphibians, it was obtained nine species consisting of Famili Bufonidae, Ranidae, Rhacophoridae, Dicroglossidae, and Microhylidae. The ecosystem consisted of four habitat types including terrestrial, arboreal, semi-aquatic and aquatic. However, based on the value of diversity index, relative frequency, and dominance value, as well as the indicator species, this area has a relatively low diversity, the disturbed environment and therefore conservation efforts need to be undertaken.
Pemkab Kabupaten Malang, 2016. Selayang Pandang. http://www.malangkab.go.id/site/read/detail/79/selayang-pandang.html Diakses tanggal 27 Januari, 2018.
Sylviani, 2008. Kajian Distribusi Biaya Dan Manfaat Hutan Lindung Sebagai Pengatur Tata Air. Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan. 5 (2): 95 â€“ 109.
Das, Indraneil. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of South-East Asia. Bloomsbury Publishing, London.
Primack, Richard B., Jatna Supriatna, M. Indrawan dan P. Kramadibrata, 1998. Biologi konservasi. Yayasan Obor Indonesia, Jakarta.
Jaeger, R. G., 1994. Transect Sampling in Measuring dan Monitoring Biological Diversity Standard Methods for Amphibians. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.
Crump, M. L., and N.J. Scott., 1994. Visual Encounter Surveys in Measuring dan Monitoring Biological Diversity Standard Methods for Amphibians. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington.
Kusrini M.D., 2008. Pedoman Penelitian Dan Survey Amfibi Di Alam. Fakultas Kehutanan, IPB Bogor.
Iskandar, D.T., 1998. Amfibi Jawa dan Bali: Seri Panduan Lapangan, Cetakan pertama. Puslitbang Biologi-LIPI, Bogor.
Kurniati, H., 2003. Amphibians and reptiles of Gunung Halimun National Park, West Java, Indonesia. Research Center for Biology-LIPI, Cibinong.
Van Kampen, P.N, 1923. The Amphibia of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. E. J. Brill Ltd, Leiden.
Odum E.P., 1993. Dasar-dasar Ekologi, Edisi Ketiga. Universitas Gajah Mada, Yogyakarta.
Berry, 1975. The Amphibian Fauna of Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Pr, Kuala Lumpur.
Van Hoeve, B.V.U.W., 1992. Ensiklopedi Indonesia Seri Fauna: Reptilia dan Amfibia. Ichtiar Baru, Jakarta.
Zug, G.R. 1993. Herpetology: An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. Academic Press, San Diego California.
Inger RF. 1966. The Systematics and Zoogeography of The Amphibia of Borneo. Field Museum of Natural History. Chicago.
Qurniawan, T.F., Addien F.U., Eprilurahman, R., dan Trijoko, 2002. Eksplorasi Keanekaragaman Herpetofaunna Di Kecamatan Girimulyo Kabupaten Kulon Progo Yogyakarta. Jurnal Teknosains, 1 (22): 71-143.
Hill, D. Fasham, M. Tucker, G. Shewry, M. dan Shaw, P. 2005. Handbook of Biodiversity Methods, Survey, Evaluation and Monitoring. Cambridge Unversity Press, New York.
Krebs, C. J., 1985. Ecology Experimental Analysis of Distribution Abudance. Harper & Row Publisher, Philadelphia.
Mistar, 2003. Panduan Lapangan Amfibi Kawasan Ekosistem Leuser. Bogor: The Gibbon Foundation & PILI-NGO Movement. http://d.yimg.com/kq/groups/23403542/1688751700/name/metodherpet.doc. Diakses tanggal 27 Januari, 2017.
Mumpuni, M., 2001. Keanekaragaman Herpetofauna Di Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun, Jawa Barat. Berita Biologi, 5 (6).
Qurniawan, T.F., & Eprilurahman, R., 2012. Keanekaragaman Jenis Herpetofauna di Kawasan Ekowisata Goa Kiskendo, Kulonprogo, Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Biota, 17 (2): 78-84.
Yani, A., & Said, S., 2015. Keanekaragaman Jenis Amfibi Ordo Anura di Kawasan Hutan Lindung Gunung Semahung Kecamatan Sengah Temila Kabupaten Landak Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal Hutan Lestari, 3 (1).
Yudha, D. S., Eprilurahman, R., Trijoko, T., Alawi, M. F., & Tarekat, A. A., 2014. Keanekaragaman Jenis Katak dan Kodok (Ordo Anura) di Sepanjang Sungai Opak, Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Jurnal Biologi, 18 (2): 52-59.
Copyright and Attribution:
Articles in Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology are under Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY-SA) copyright. The work has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or part of a published lecture or thesis) and it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. When the manuscript is accepted for publication in this journal, the authors agree to the automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.
Journal of Biotropika: Journal of Tropical Biology is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlikeÂ 4.0 International License.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere and by other authors are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from one of the authors.
Experiments with animals or involving human patients must have had prior approval from the appropriate ethics committee. A statement to this effect should be provided within the text at the appropriate place. Experiments involving plants or microorganisms taken from countries other than the author's own must have had the correct authorization for this exportation.