Reclamation of Post Coal Mining Using Hydroseeding Involving Seeds of Some Local Papilionaceae

Rufaidah Nur Baiti, Endang Arisoesilaningsih

Abstract


This study aimed to determine germination rate, growth and morphological adaptation of root, shoot and leaves of some local Papilionaceae seeds sown in a post coal mining from the South Kalimantan using hydroseeding technique. Species used in this study were Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC, Indigofera spicata Forssk, Alysicarpus ovalifolius (Schumach.) J. Léonard, Crotalaria pallida Aiton, Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. dan Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Pers. Twenty seeds of each species were mixed with mulches became hydroseeding, sown in the surface of the tailings from South Kalimantan and each treatment was repeated four times. The media were watered periodically to maintain soil field capacity. Seeds germination rate, plant length, leaves number and coverage were observed twice per week. Plants were harvested 37 days after sown (das) to determine root length and nodules number. The results showed that the beans of D. triflorum, I. spicata, C. pallida and S. grandiflora succesfully germinated and grew in the media. Otherwise the beans of A. ovalifolius and C. cajan failed to germinate. Four germinated species grew variably depend on their specific life form. These Papilionaceae adapted well to the selected medium and showed an intensive root penetration to the tailing layer. Besides D. triflorum, I. spicata and C. pallida were capable to produce some nodules.

 

Keyword : Adaptation, post coal mining, Papilionaceae, revegetation


Full Text:

PDF

References


Kelompok Peneliti Fisika dan Konservasi Tanah. 2011. Teknologi Reklamasi Lahan Pasca pertambangan Batubara. www.balittanah. litbang.go.id. Diakses 23 April 2014.

Hermawan, B. 2002. Buku Ajar Dasar-dasar Fisika Tanah. Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Bengkulu Press. Bengkulu.

California Storm Water Quality Association (CASQA). 2003. California stormwater best management practices handbook for construction. California.

Landis, T.D., K.M. Wilkinson, D.E. Steinfeld, S.A. Riley, and G.N. Fekaris. 2005. Roadside revegetation of forest highways: New applications for native plants. J. of Native Plants. 6(3): 297-305.

Rachmanadi, D. 2011. Upaya Reklamasi Lahan Pasca Pertambangan Batubara di Kalimantan Selatan. Badan Litbang Kehutanan, Departemen Kehutanan. Jakarta.

Fuskhah, E., R.D. Soetrisno, S.P.S. Budhi & A. Maas. 2009. Pertumbuhan dan produksi leguminosa pakan hasil asosiasi dengan Rhizobium pada media tanam salin (Growth and production of forages as the result of association with Rhizobium in saline media). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kebangkitan Peternakan–Semarang, 20 Mei 2009. Fakultas Peternakan UNDIP Semarang, pp 289–294.

Arista, B. 2012. Pendugaan Kandungan Karbon pada Tegakan Akasia (Acacia mangium) dan Tegakan Sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) di Lahan Reklamasi Pasca Tambang Batubara PT. Arutmin Batulicin, Kalimantan Selatan. Departemen Silvikultur Fakultas Kehutanan IPB. Bogor. Skripsi.

Hartutik, Soebarinoto, P. Fernandez & S. Ratnawaty. 2011. Evaluasi Nilai Nutrisi Leguminosa Herba sebagai Pakan Ternak Ruminansia dan Suplai Nitrogen Tanah di Pulau Timor, Nusa Tenggara Timur. Hasil Penelitian Kerjasama Kemitraan Pertanian dengan Perguruan Tinggi. Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Jawa Timur. Malang.

Pérez-Harguindeguy, N., S. Díaz, E. Garnier, S. Lavorel, H. Poorter, P. Jaureguiberry, M.S. Bret-Harte, W.K. Cornwell, J.M. Craine, D.E. Gurvich, C. Urcelay, E.J. Veneklaas, P.B. Reich, L. Poorter, I.J. Wright, P. Ray, L. Enrico, J.G. Pausas, A.C. de Vos, N. Buchmann, G. Funes, F. Quétier, J.G. Hodgson, K. Thompson, H.D. Morgan, H. ter Steege, L. Sack, B. Blonder, P. Poschlod, M.V. Vaieretti, G. Conti, A.C. Staver, S. Aquino & J.H.C. Cornelissen. 2013. New handbook for standardised measurement of plant functional traits worldwide. Aust. J. Bot. 61(3):167-187.

Rofik, A., & E. Murniati. 2008. Pengaruh perlakuan deoperkulasi benih dan media perkecambahan untuk meningkatkan viabilitas benih aren (Arenga pinnata (Wurmb.) Merr.). Indones. J. Agron. 36 (1):36-50.

Utomo, B. 2006. Ekologi Benih. http://repository.usu.ac.id. Diakses 29 Desember 2014.

Tropicalforages. 2014. Characteristic of Crotalaria and Desmodium triflorum. http://tropicalforages.info. Diakses pada 13 Maret 2014.

Plants Database. 2014. Desmodium triflorum and Sesbania grandiflora. http://plants.usda.gov. Diakses 31 Desember 2014.

Herdiawan, I. & R. Krisnan. 2014. Productivity and utilization of Leguminous tree Indigofera zollingeriana on dry land. Indones. Bull. Anim. Vet. Sci. 24:124-130.

Fuskhah, E., S. Anwar, E.D. Purbajanti, R.D. Soetrisno, S.P.S. Budhi & A. Maas. 2007. Exploration and selection of Rhizobium resistance to salinity and its association with legume. J. Indones. Trop. Anim. Agric. 32 : 179–185.

Rodrigues, R.S. & A.M.G. de A. Tozzi. 2008. Systematic relevance of seedling morphology in Acosmium, Guianodendron, and Leptolobium (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae). Brittonia. 60 (3):287–29.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.