Diversitas Arthropoda Tanah Di Area Restorasi Ranu Pani Kabupaten Lumajang

Jr sulthan ardillah, Amin Setyo Leksono, Luchman Hakim

Abstract


Ranu Pani is damaged areas ecosystem, so restoration activities are integrated to aspects of the ecosystem biotic and abiotic components are required. The important factor to succeed the restoration is land health. Arthropods has a very important role for the ecosystem, either directly or indirectly. The role of arthropods on ecosystems such as pollinators, decomposers, predators, parasitoids and bio-indicators. The aim of this study were to determine the type of soil arthropods found in Ranu Pani land restoration and to determine their roles in Ranu Pani and to determine the diversity index of soil arthropods in Ranu Pani. The method used in this research was Falltrap Pit (Bottle trap). Arthropods put in a bottle that has been filled with a solution of 70 % alcohol. Arthropods were identified in the laboratory. Arthropods from Ranu Pani restoration land was 916 specimens, consisting of 13 family. Three orders of arthropods with the largest number were Orthoptera (49.59 %), Amphipoda (44.17 %), Opiliones (6.23 %). Important value index (INP) of family land arthropods in the first year were Talitridae (72.658 %), Gryllidae (31.995 %), Acrididae (53.379 %) and larvae of Noctuidae (16.092 %). The dominant family in the second year were Talitridae (48.935 %), Gryllidae (73.057 %), Carabidae (23.769%) and Oxyopidae (14.147 %). The air temperature and the lower the light intensity could increased the abundance of soil arthropods. The Shannon-Wiener index of the second year location was lower (H '= 1.899) compared to the first year location (H' = 2.523).

Key words: Arthropods, ecological indicators, community structure, restoration area.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Floren, A. & Linsenmair, K.E. 1997. Diversity and recolonization dynamics of selected arthropod group on different tree species in a lowland rainforest in Sabah, Malaysia with special reference to Formicidae. In Stork, N.E., Adis, J. & Didham, R.K. (eds.), Canopy Arthropods, pp. 344-381. Chapman and Hall, London.

Hakim, L., 2013. Project On Capacity Building For Restoration Of Ecosystems In Conservation Areas: Basic survey for Ranu Pani – Ranu Regulo Restoration Project. JICA-Minitry of Forestry-Dept. of Biology Brawijaya University- Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. Malang, East Java

Hakim, L., Retnaningdyah, C., Sunaryo & Yanuwiadi, B. 2011. Project On Capacity Building For Restoration Of Ecosystems In Conservation Areas: Basic survey for Ranu Pani – Ranu Regulo Restoration Project. JICA-Minitry of Forestry-Dept. of Biology Brawijaya University- Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. Malang, East Java

Hakim, L., Retnaningdyah, C., Sunaryo & Yanuwiadi, B. 2011. Project On Capacity Building For Restoration Of Ecosystems In Conservation Areas: Basic survey for Ranu Pani – Ranu Regulo Restoration Project. JICA-Minitry of Forestry-Dept. of Biology Brawijaya University- Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. Malang, East Java

Nurhadi., Widiana, R. 2010. Komposisi Arthropoda Permukaan Tanah di Areal Bekas dan Areal Pembuangan Akhir Sampah. Universitas Ekasakti Padang, Vol. 10

Leksono, A.S., B. Yanuwiadi, Z. Kusuma, A. F. Hasibuan dan F. Maulana. 2010. Influence of Porang (Amorphophalus muelleri) Cultivation on Composition of Soil Arthropods in Tropical Agroforestry Areas in East Java, Indonesia. Jurusan Biologi. Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam. Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.

Hakim, L., 2013. Project On Capacity Building For Restoration Of Ecosystems In Conservation Areas: Basic survey for Ranu Pani – Ranu Regulo Restoration Project. JICA-Minitry of Forestry-Dept. of Biology Brawijaya University- Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. Malang, East Java

Hilmiyah, Y. 2011. Struktur Komunitas Athropoda Tanah di Pesisir Pantai Tambakrejo, Blitar Sebagai Indikator Kualitas Ekosistem Pantai Tujuan Wisata. Universitas Brawijaya, Malang

Basukriadi, A. 2005. Buku Materi Pokok: Pengendalian Hayati. Pusat Penerbitan Universitas Terbuka. Jakarta.

Leksono, A. S. 2007. Ekologi Pendekatan Deskriptif dan Kuantitatif. Bayu Media. Malang.

Hakim, L., 2013. Project On Capacity Building For Restoration Of Ecosystems In Conservation Areas: Basic survey for Ranu Pani – Ranu Regulo Restoration Project. JICA-Minitry of Forestry-Dept. of Biology Brawijaya University- Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. Malang, East Java


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.